The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event for athletes with physical disabilities or intellectual impairments. This includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and cerebral palsy. Paralympic sports refers to organized competitive sporting activities as part of the global Paralympic movement. These sports are organized and run under the supervision of the International Paralympic Committee and other international sports federations. The Paralympic sports comprise all the sports contested in the Summer and Winter Paralympic Games. As of 2016, the Summer Paralympics included 22 sports and 526 medal events,[1] and the Winter Paralympics include 5 sports and disciplines and about 72 events. The number and kinds of events may change from one Paralympic Games to another.

Disability Categories

Athletes who participate in Paralympic sport are grouped into ten major categories, based on their type of disability: Physical Impairment - There are eight different types of physical impairment recognized by the movement:

Impaired muscle power - With impairments in this category, the force generated by muscles, such as the muscles of one limb, one side of the body or the lower half of the body is reduced, e.g. due to spinal-cord injury, spina bifida or polio.

 Impaired passive range of movement - Range of movement in one or more joints is reduced in a systematic way. Acute conditions such as arthritis are not included.

 Loss of limb or limb deficiency - A total or partial absence of bones or joints from partial or total loss due to illness, trauma, or congenital limb deficiency (e.g. dysmelia).

 Leg-length difference - Significant bone shortening occurs in one leg due to congenital deficiency or trauma.

 Short stature - Standing height is reduced due to shortened legs, arms and trunk, which are due to a musculoskeletal deficit of bone or cartilage structures.

 Hypertonia - Hypertonia is marked by an abnormal increase in muscle tension and reduced ability of a muscle to stretch. Hypertonia may result from injury, disease, or conditions which involve damage to the central nervous system (e.g. cerebral palsy).

 Ataxia - Ataxia is an impairment that consists of a lack of coordination of muscle movements (e.g. cerebral palsy, Friedreich's ataxia).

 Athetosis - Athetosis is generally characterized by unbalanced, involuntary movements and a difficulty maintaining a symmetrical posture (e.g. cerebral palsy, choreoathetosis).

Visual Impairment

Intellectual Disability

Sports Associations Details

National Paralympic Committe

1. Registration Number            – 37

2. Year of Registration              - 28.09.1994

3. Gazette Notification             - Gazette No. 1990/2327.10.2016

4. Tenure of the Association   – 02



Lt. Col. Deepal Herath

184/5, Suriyagama, Kadawatha





Colonel Bandula Bandara

No. 570/6, Darshana Mawatha, Kandaliyaddapaluwa, Ragama.




Mrs. P.M.N.D.K. Variyapola

365/A/1, Gangabada Road, Medagama, Bandaragama

077 733 67 35


5. List of Affiliated Associations

• District Sports Associations - 01

• Subsidiaries/ Societies - 52

1. Organization of Islamic Disabled

2. Rehab Lanka Sports Club

3. School for the Blind

4. Sri Lanka Blind People's Service Board

5. Gamunu Hewa Regiment Board

6. Lion Regiment Sports Club

7. Sri Lanka Infantry Sports Club

8. Gajaba Regiment Sports Club

9. Commando Regiment Sports Club

10. Social Services Vocational Training Center - Wattegama

11. Social Services Vocational Training Center - Seeduwa

12. Social Services Vocational Training Center - Katawala

13. Social Services Vocational Training Center - Agunakolapalassa

14. Social Services Vocational Training Center - Amunukumbura

15. Navy Sports Club - Welisara

16. Ashokapura Sports Club

17. Vijayabahu Sports Club

18. Sukhita Women Vocational Training Centre

19. Sri Lanka Visually Impaired Cricket Association

20. Sri Lanka Deaf Cricket Association

21. Ranaviru Apparel Sports Club

22. Association of Susumna Handicapped

23. Sri Lanka National Defense Forces Sports Club

24. Special Forces Mobilization Sports Club

25. Pritipura Nursing Home

26. Anandapura Sports Club

27. Sumaga Sports Club

28. Disabled Sports Club - Siripura

29. Our Children Organization

30. Dayamina Sports Organization

31. Association of Disabled Technicians

32. Surd Sports Association

33. Disability and Development Resource Group Sports Club

34. Ragama Rehabilitation Hospital Sports Club

35. Colombo Para Sports Club

36. Isuru Sports Club

37. Uva Wellassa Sports Club

38. Sri Lanka Deaf Sports Club

39. Veterans Service Authority

40. Sri Lanka Physically Challenged Cricket Association

41. Athugalpura Sports Club (North Western Province)

42. Serik Sports Club

43. Varodi Sports Club

44. Western Province Special Education Sports Club

45. Matale Swashakti Sports Club

46. ​​Sri Lanka CP Football Federation

47. Sri Lanka Para Dancing Sports Club

48. Judo Sports Club

49. Sri Lanka National Para Rowing Club

50. Cerebral Palsy Lanka Foundation

51. Heroes Sports Club

52. Organization of Sports and Welfare of Persons with Disabilities